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Definitions

Nutrition

Definitions of the indicators

Low birthweight - Less than 2,500 grams.

Underweight - Moderate and severe - below minus two standard deviations from median weight for age of reference population; severe - below minus three standard deviations from median weight for age of reference population.

Wasting - Moderate and severe - below minus two standard deviations from median weight for height of reference population.

Stunting - Moderate and severe - below minus two standard deviations from median height for age of reference population.

Vitamin A - Percentage of children aged 6-59 months who have received at least one high dose of vitamin A capsules in 2001.

 

Main data sources

Low birthweight - Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS), Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (MICS), other national householdsurveys and data from routine reporting systems.

Breastfeeding - DHS, MICS, and UNICEF.

Underweight, wasting and stunting - DHS, MICS, World Health Organization (WHO) and UNICEF.

Salt iodization - MICS, DHS and UNICEF.

Vitamin A - UNICEF field offices and WHO.

 

Notes

-

Data not available.

x

Indicates data that refer to years or periods other than those specified in the column heading, differ from the standard definition, or refer to only part of a country.

k

Refers to exclusive breastfeeding for less than 4 months.

*

Data refer to the most recent year available during the period specified in the column heading.

t

Identifies countries that have achieved a second round of vitamin A coverage grater than or equal to 70%.