Basic education and gender equality
|© UNICEF/NYHQ2011-1618/Susan Markisz|
|UNICEF Executive Director Anthony Lake speaks a meeting on the role of regional organizations and institutions in protecting children at the United Nations Headquarters.|
UNICEF works with governments and the international development community to advance human rights, and achieve the Millennium Development Goals and the Education for All (EFA) goals. We do this by generating evidence and knowledge on the situation of children and analysing the impact of public policies on them. We then use this evidence to advocate for policies that foster the implementation of children’s rights.
In education, UNICEF works mainly through partnerships with other organizations to support national plans for providing quality primary education for all children. At the international level, we are part of four core partnerships that work to accelerate progress towards achievement of Millennium Development Goal 2 (on universal primary education) and Goal 3 (on gender equality):
The Education for All Global Action Plan, coordinated by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), provides technical support to countries to develop education plans leading to achievement of the six Education for All goals (also known as the Dakar Goals). It also supports monitoring of EFA progress. With other partners providing planning expertise, UNICEF can concentrate on working to incorporate its successful initiatives more systematically into national plans and priorities. UNICEF also links its monitoring and evaluation efforts to the wider overview of progress provided by the EFA Global Monitoring Report.
The Global Partnership for Education (GPE) is a multilateral partnership that works to ensure that education aid is better coordinated and more effective, based on countries’ own education strategies. The partnership, established in 2002, is made up of developing countries, bilateral, regional, and international agencies, development banks, the private sector, teachers, and local and global civil society groups. Since its creation, the GPE has helped 19 million children enrol in school for the first time.
The United Nations Girls’ Education Initiative (UNGEI) is a partnership of organizations committed to narrowing the gender gap in primary and secondary education. UNGEI advocates for gender parity and equality and provides technical support for designing, financing and implementing national education plans. Participating in the Initiative helps UNICEF to marshal the influence and resources of many partners to support gender parity and equality in national education plans and priorities.
The Inter-Agency Standing Committee Cluster for Education in Emergencies, which is co-led by UNICEF and Save the Children, helps to coordinate the efforts of United Nations agencies, government partners, and national and international non-governmental organizations in communities affected by conflict and natural disasters. Education is increasingly recognised as an important sector within humanitarian response. The cluster works to coordinate efforts to restore schooling for children and rebuild education systems, helping countries affected by emergencies to return to normal.
The Global Education First Initiative (GEFI) launched in September 2012 and is five-year initiative led by the UN Secretary-General. The Initiative rallies a broad spectrum of actors to raise the political profile of education, strengthen the global movement to achieve quality education, and generate additional and sufficient funding through sustained advocacy efforts. GEFI has three priority areas: put every child in school, improve the quality of learning and foster global citizenship.