UNICEF is requesting US$183 million to meet the humanitarian needs of the most vulnerable children in Yemen in 2015.
In 2015, UNICEF and partners plan for:
children under 5 vaccinated for measles and polio (OPV3/MCV1)
affected people with access to water
children benefiting from psychosocial support through child friendly spaces
2015 Requirements: US$182,600,000
Total affected population: 21.1 million
Total affected children (< 18): 9.9 million
Total people to be reached in 2015: 7 million
Total children to be reached in 2015: 5 million
The conflict in Yemen has escalated significantly since March 2015, affecting 20 out of Yemen’s 22 governorates and exacerbating pre-crisis humanitarian needs. Continued air strikes, shelling and ground fighting have resulted in the destruction of civilian infrastructure including hospitals, schools, roads and bridges and a collapse of public services, particularly the national health, water and sanitation services. Supplies of food, fuel and medicines are critically low and the lack of safe water and proper sanitation poses serious health risks to millions of people.
More than 21.1 million people (over 80 per cent of Yemen’s population), including 9.9 million children, now require some form of humanitarian assistance (an increase of 33 per cent since the crisis began). Close to 2,800 people have been killed and almost 13,000 people injured (including 279 children killed and 402 injured, respectively). An estimated 1 million people have been internally displaced (an increase of 122 percent since the crisis began), and some 400,000 people have sought protection in neighbouring countries. A staggering 15.2 million people are in need of access to basic health care, and over 20.4 million people need access to clean, safe water (a 52 per cent increase since the crisis began). Reports of child rights violations have increased dramatically since March 2015, and children have been facing significant psychological stress inflicted by prolonged violence, instability and displacement. As a result of disrupted access to water, up to 2.5 million children are at risk of water-borne diseases; some 1.6 million children under 5 and pregnant or lactating women require services to treat or prevent acute malnutrition; and 1.8 million children are out of school due to fighting and insecurity. Negotiating safe humanitarian access to populations in need is increasingly challenging due to ongoing fighting.
2015 Revised Programme Targets
- 2,730,000 children under 5 vaccinated for measles and polio (OPV3/MCV1)
- 590,000 pregnant and lactating women provided with antenatal, delivery and postnatal care
- 3.9 million affected people with access to water
- 650,000 affected people with access to basic hygiene kit
- 214,794 children under 5 with severe acute malnutrition (SAM) admitted to therapeutic care (OTP/TFC/Mobile)
- 1,198,059 children under 5 given micronutrient interventions
- 328,900 children benefiting from psychosocial support through child friendly spaces
- 357,161 people reached with information on protecting themselves from mine/UXO/ERW
- 77,000 affected children supported with access to a safe learning environment
- 542,000 out-of-school children supported for reintegration into education system
- 245,000 people (from 35,000 vulnerable households) provided with humanitarian cash transfers ($100 per month for 6 months)
In response to the deepening humanitarian crisis in Yemen, UNICEF with its partners is scaling-up efforts to reach the most vulnerable children and their families. Throughout the crisis, UNICEF has maintained its field office presence in Taiz, Sa’ada, Aden, Hodeidah and Sana’a, and has mobilized standby emergency partners to support the response as necessary. In the face of ongoing insecurity and increasing humanitarian needs, plans are underway to scale up staff presence throughout the country and to increase the scope of the response. UNICEF leads the Nutrition, WASH and Education Clusters, as well as the Child Protection Sub-cluster, and is an active member of the Health Cluster.
In the face of limited access to health services, UNICEF will provide an integrated package of health and nutrition services to mothers, newborns and children through community health workers and mobile teams, with a focus on routine and mass immunization, treatment of childhood infections, maternal antenatal, delivery and post-partum care, and support to referral facilities. UNICEF will also put in place preparedness measures to respond to potential outbreaks of childhood diseases. In the face of expected increases in malnutrition, UNICEF will expand treatment services for children under 5 with severe and acute malnutrition (SAM), and will deploy mobile teams to distribute micronutrients and support community-based management of acute malnutrition. This includes providing a comprehensive package of services in districts with serious levels of wasting and stunting.
In the context of severe shortages in safe and accessible water and sanitation services, UNICEF will support IDPs through water trucking and public water storage tanks and will provide fuel, maintenance support and cleaning funds to local water corporations to keep water systems, solid waste collection and disposal, and sewage treatment services operational. UNICEF will support IDPs and host communities with a focus on implementing a full WASH package, including improving water quality, access to water sources, and basic sanitation as well as hygiene promotion. In coordination with the health cluster, WASH activities will be prioritized in areas with high risk of disease outbreaks, including urban and highly populated areas.
Communication and social mobilization efforts have been adapted to promote health, nutrition and WASH behaviours in emergencies to prevent the spread of diseases and prevent further deterioration to the situation of children. UNICEF is providing affected children and community members with life-saving mine risk education and appropriate referrals to child-friendly victims’ assistance programmes. Psychosocial support through child-friendly spaces will be promoted. Priority will be placed on supporting the existing Monitoring and Reporting Mechanism (MRM) and expanding it to newly affected areas, gender-based violence, monitoring and responding to grave child rights violations and mine-risk education. UNICEF will continue working to improve access to safe learning environments and provide education supplies, teacher training on psychosocial support and peacebuilding activities to affected school children, in addition to bolstering psychosocial support at the community level.
In education, UNICEF and partners will aim to ensure that the most vulnerable children who were forced out of school re-enrol in the new school year. In social protection, UNICEF will provide unconditional humanitarian cash transfers to extremely vulnerable households in order to complement food aid and cover non-food needs such as basic services and rental subsidies, among others. UNICEF will continue to promote an integrated multi-sectoral approach focusing on community engagement and on reinforcing its field presence.
Results 2015 (1 Jan to 30 June)
The original appeal was US$ 60 million which was revised upwards to US$ 88 million in April of which US$ 18 million has been received as of 30 June, 2015. Despite the increasingly challenging operating environment starting in March 2015, UNICEF and its partners were able to reach children and families in need. Some 208,876 children under the age of 5 were reached with measles and polio vaccine and a total of 1.2 million people were provided with access to safe water. More than 200,000 children under the age of 5 received micronutrient supplements, and more than 33,000 children under the age of 5 with severe acute malnutrition were enrolled in therapeutic care facilities. A total of 275,619 people (children and adults) were reached with information on child protection and mine-risk awareness education. Approximately 126,000 affected children benefitted from psychosocial support. A total 413 out of 507 identified cases or grave violations of child rights were verified (81 per cent). Over 13,600 school-aged children affected by the conflict were provided with access to education. Education along with Child Protection remained critically underfunded sectors thus impacting effective programme delivery.
In line with the recently revised inter-agency Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP), UNICEF is now appealing for US$182.6 million until the end of 2015, of which US$ 18 million has been received as of 30 June 2015. UNICEF’s original 2015 HAC requirement was US$ 60 million which was revised in April to US$ 88 million in response to increased humanitarian needs. Given the deepening humanitarian crisis across 20 of the 22 governorates, needs have increased significantly calling for a scale-up in the response. This response is taking place within an increasingly challenging environment.
* The carry-forward figure is the unutilized budget balance that was carried forward from the prior year to the current year, available as of 1 January 2015.
** Total funding available includes total funds received against current appeal plus carry-forward.
1 Original UNICEF 2015 target following flash appeal was 2.4 million.
2 Original UNICEF 2015 target following flash appeal was 384,000.
* This does not include service provision by the community midwives as Governorate Health Officers are having difficulty in collecting information from community workers. Work is underway to get reports.
3 Original UNICEF 2015 target following flash appeal was 2,953,852; includes access to water via water trucking, piped water systems, and short-term fuel for local water corporations.
4 Original UNICEF 2015 target following flash appeal was 55,000 families; includes only hygiene kits that meet agreed standards.
5 Original UNICEF 2015 target following flash appeal was 128,503; cluster target for this result in revised Yemen Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) is 144,000 as time frame was April – December 2015, while the target of 214,794 is for January –December 2015
6 Original UNICEF 2015 target following flash appeal was the same (1,198,059); cluster target for this result in the revised YHRP is 913,652 as time frame was April – December 2015, while the target of 1,600,000 is for January –December 2015; original UNICEF 2015 target following flash appeal was the same (1,198,059).7 The WASH Cluster was activated for the Horn of Africa crisis and only meets now on an irregular basis.
7 This indicator describes the number of children verified, who have been affected by grave violations of child rights through the Monitoring and Reporting Mechanism (MRM) following the escalation of conflict beginning 26 March 2015.9 Data from November 2014.
8 Original UNICEF 2015 target following flash appeal was 320,000; includes PSS received through mobile and static Child Friendly Spaces.
9 Cluster target for this result in revised YHRP is 360,000 as time frame was April – December 2015, while the target of 500,000 is for January –December 2015.
10 Revised indicator. Original UNICEF 2015 target following flash appeal was 66,465.
11 Conflict-affected and other vulnerable out-of-school children.